MMPI-2 Scoring ! MMPI-2
Scoring !! MMPI-2 SCORING !!!
ANYONE CAN FIND A COPY OF THE MMPI-2 AND SCORE MOST OF IT THEMSELVES.
(Feel free to add a link to this page about the Minnesota Multiphasic
ALSO: Try the new Real / Ideal Self Checklist,
People have found a book available to everyone, professional or not,
that contains the entire MMPI-2 personality inventory and the
scoring for over half of the 80 or so MMPI-2 scales. The book is
called Development and Use of the MMPI-2 Content Scales by Butcher,
Graham, Williams, and Ben-Porath. The MMPI-2 test is on pages
144-158. The scoring for all the newest and most useful
scales are in the book. ... These scales use all the items of the MMPI-2
and are much related to everything the MMPI-2 can tell you. (SEE the
FOOTNOTE 1 at the bottom of this page for important information on
scoring scales using this book.*)
With the book anyone can essentially give himself/herself the MMPI-2.
We can all know everything about ourselves, as much as any psychologist
OBJECTIVELY can. We can use the best and most
objective tool ourselves. I kid you not. ...
Again, this is important news!!!!! Especially where the MMPI-2 is
going to be used inappropriately against a person.
Now all can take the MMPI and score half the major scales and even
coach themselves on giving the "right answers". The available scales
overlap with ALL the scales of the MMPI-2 and thus "correctly" answering
on them will yield good (desired) results on all the scales. Thus, unethical
MMPI-2 screening has been yielded ineffective!! (The MMPI-2 should
NOT be being used for things like job selection anyway.)
In short, with an inexpensive book you can glean ALL the most meaningful
information from the MMPI-2. You can now give it to yourself, score
it yourself, interpret it yourself (all with the help of a book
that has all the needed information and costs less than $50!!).
(AGAIN, SEE the FOOTNOTE 1 at the bottom of this page for important information
on scoring scales using this book.*)
All the information you need for a decent interpretation is in that
same book. Again, the MMPI-2 is in the book; the scoring is in the book.
The scales are MOST of the scales of the MMPI-2 and overlap totally
with the rest of the scales. ALL the MMPI-2 items are used.
Now that people realize they can give themselves the MMPI-2 and coach
themselves so they can appear as good as they want to in any selection
or screening process, where they are required to take the MMPI, the
following book is "flying off the shelves"!!:
(put address all on one line)
(It is important to get this OLDER SECOND edition of this book; word is they took the MMPI-2 test items OUT of a newer edition.)
For more information on scoring (ALL THE REST OF THE
SCALES NOT IN THE
FIRST-MENTIONED BOOK ABOVE), simply get the following book from your
university library OR buy it from amazon.com or some other seller. This is the MMPI-2
MANUAL for Administration and Scoring:
It is then rather easy to find books that supplement the
information in this Manual to
allow for a reasonable understanding and interpretation of these "classic" 'clinical' scales
and their subscales. For example: Much of what one would need for a meaningful
interpretation of these other scales can be found in the following book:
MMPI-2 in Psychological Treatment by James Neal Butcher
(Oxford Press, 1990).
The 83 MMPI-2 Scales (ordered alphabetically):
1 A 2 ANG 3 ANX 4 ASP 5 BIZ 6 CYN 7 D 8 D1 9 D2
10 D3 11 D4 12 D5 13 DEP 14 Do 15 D-O 16 D-S 17 Es 18 F
19 FRS 20 FB 21 FAM 22 GF 23 GM 24 HEA 25 Hs 26 Hy 27 Hy1
28 Hy2 29 Hy3 30 Hy4 31 Hy5 32 Hy-O 33 HY-S 34 K 35 L 36 LSE
37 Ma 38 Ma1 39 Ma2 40 Ma3 41 Ma4 42 MAC-R 43 Mf-f 44 Mf-m 45 Ma-O
46 Ma-S 47 Mt 48 OBS 49 O-H 50 Pa 51 Pa1 52 Pa2 53 Pa3 54 Pa-O
55 Pa-S 56 Pd 57 Pd1 58 Pd2 59 Pd3 60 Pd4 61 Pd5 62 Pd-O 63 Pd-S
64 PK 65 PS 66 Pt 67 R 68 Re 69 Sc 70 Sc1 71 Sc2 72 Sc3
73 Sc4 74 Sc5 75 Sc6 76 Si 77 Si1 78 Si2 79 Si3 80 SOD 81 TPA
82 TRT 83 WRK (source: the two books cited above)
Have fun. Cheers, Brad Jesness,
M.A., former psychology and counseling instructor;
officially qualified user and scorer of the MMPI-2
Tests and Measurements Expert
I need to inform you of the 2 step process you will need to get the "REAL"
scores using the info. in the book on the MMPI-2. It is a 2 step process for
each scale (info. on about 40 scales is in the book). Here is the procedure:
(1) For each scale, first obtain the RAW score on the scale, as follows:
For each item the test taker marked TRUE *AND* which scores a scale up for a true
response, add one point **PLUS**
for each item the test taker marked FALSE *AND* which scores the scale up for a
false response, add one point (the info. in the book tells you exactly which
items score each scale UP for TRUE OR FALSE). The total is a scale's RAW score.
(2) Finally, to get the REAL scores (the actual scores used) you need to
convert each RAW scale score into a "t-score". You do this simply by finding
the Profile Sheet in a figure in the book for the scales you need to so convert.
Simply finding the raw score on the appropriate Profile Sheet and plotting it
will show you the "t-score" (the score used for interpretation).
Now you can read about what your scores mean in the book and see how you may
have been improperly represented due to misunderstanding the "questions".
AGAIN: Similar profile sheets and item scoring information is available for scoring
all the scales that are NOT in the first-mentioned Butcher et al book, by obtaining the
Manual noted under the "More News" section (above) . But, the Butcher et al
Development and Use of the MMPI-2 Content Scales book allows you
to score most MMPI-2 scales (scales that make use of all MMPI-2 items at least once) --
and if you do well on those, you will do well on the rest of the MMPI-2 and vice versa.
(END OF FOOTNOTE ON MMPI-2 SCORING)
Again, something else that may be of interest to
those among the readers of this
web page who score their own objective measures:
FREE, automatic scoring programs for scoring tests or objective
instruments or inventories with many, many scales are available.
This is a NEW FOOTNOTE! (see FOOTNOTE 1 above for MMPI book scoring info.)
The criteria for nearly all
common diagnoses which
psychologists diagnose are in this set of posts
(a link from the page linked to above brings up
the whole set of 31 posts, providing (in essence)
the official APA criteria for all the common mental
disorders people may not know the definitions of).
As a person who has taught
college-level Abnormal Psychology several years and
who has taught Counseling to college students who were becoming counselors,
I CAN AFFIRM THAT ALL THE INFORMATION ON DIAGNOSES IN THESE
POSTS IS ACCURATE AND QUITE THOROUGH. -- Brad Jesness, M.A.
I would host this entire set of posts on this
web site, but for the fact that I am near
my space limit here. The author of the posts gives express permission for the
reproduction and dissemination of this material (in the interest of public knowledge).
NEWS, *** NEW *** as of 06-03-04 :
I found that I do have enough web space
available to provide a link to a .txt document
containing a copy of all these posts.
CLICK THIS LINK TO
BRING UP THE TEXT COPY OF THIS GREAT
SET OF POSTS
THIS diagnoses.txt DOCUMENT SHOULD OPEN IN YOUR BROWSER.
This is basically all the information a
man-on-the-street would need to know to
understand any common mental disorders other than ones that are already well-known.
(NOTE: It would be best to read #31 FIRST, since this has the Index and a description
of the material in the other 30 posts.)
Just so you can have an idea of what is
covered, the table
below is a duplicate of SOME of what appears in Post #31
|Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||PARANOID PERSONALITY DISORDER|
|#2 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||SCHIZOID PERSONALITY DISORDER|
|#3 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||SCHIZOTYPAL PERSONALITY DISORDER|
|#4 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER|
|#5 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY DISORDER|
|#6 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||NARCISSISTIC PERSONALITY DISORDER|
|#7 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||HISTRIONIC PERSONALITY DISORDER|
|#8 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE PERSONALITY DISORDER|
|#9 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||AVOIDANT PERSONALITY DISORDER|
|#10 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||DEPENDENT PERSONALITY DISORDER|
|#11 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||ACUTE STRESS DISORDER|
|#12 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||AGORAPHOBIA|
|#13 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||BIPOLAR DISORDERS|
|#14 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||BODY DYSMORPHIC DISORDER|
|#15 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||DYSTHYMIC DISORDER|
|#16 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER|
|#17 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||HYPOCHONDRIASIS|
|#18 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||INTERMITTENT EXPLOSIVE DISORDER|
|#19 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER|
|#20 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||MAJOR DEPRESSION|
|#21 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||PANIC DISORDER|
|#22 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER|
|#23 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||SCHIZOPHRENIA & SIMILAR PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS|
|#24 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||SOCIAL PHOBIA|
|#25 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||SOMATIZATION DISORDER|
|#26 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||SPECIFIC (SIMPLE) PHOBIA|
|#27 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||ATTENTION DEFICIT DISORDER|
|#28 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||CONDUCT DISORDER|
|#29 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||OPPOSITIONAL DEFIANT DISORDER|
|#30 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||SEPARATION ANXIETY DISORDER|
|#31 Psychologists ... PLUS THE Disorder of the Day||DISORDERS NOT COVERED AND WHY|
For those interested in the psychology
of religion, I welcome you to
Those interested in a major science
critique of status quo psychotherapy
AGAIN: ALSO: Try the new Real / Ideal Self Checklist, HERE
CLICK THIS LINK
---> FOR SOME FREE ONLINE THERAPY.